Tag Archives: Site History

Timeline of Activities

There are many stages of cleanup including site study, remedy selection, remedy design, remedy construction, and post-construction. Activities undertaken early in the cleanup process focus on understanding problems at the site while those taken later in the cleanup process focus on physically addressing those problems identified. This tab provides a detailed list of cleanup activities at this site. Sometimes, these cleanup activities are called “actions”.

Source: http://cfpub.epa.gov/supercpad/SiteProfiles/index.cfm?fuseaction=second.CleanupActs&id=0400903,  Retrieved November 22, 2009

Activities Underway
Activity Leading
Organization
Area of Site
Addressed (OU)
Start Date
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION/FEASIBILITY STUDY
(see glossary)
Responsible Party KOPPERS SURFICIAL SOURCE (02) 10/12/2005
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION
(see glossary)
Responsible Party KOPPERS SURFICIAL SOURCE (02) 07/19/2001
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity COMBINED REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION/FEASIBILITY STUDY
(see glossary)
EPA Fund-Financed CABOT (01) 05/17/1994
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL ACTION
(see glossary)
Responsible Party KOPPERS SURFICIAL SOURCE (02) 09/29/1993
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL ACTION
(see glossary)
Responsible Party KOPPERS SURFICIAL SOURCE (02) 09/27/1991
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL DESIGN
(see glossary)
Responsible Party KOPPERS SURFICIAL SOURCE (02) 04/12/1991
see glossary for definitions of activitiesleading organizationoperable units (OUs) or start dates >>
Activities Completed
Activity Leading
Organization
Area of Site
Addressed (OU)
Start Date Completion Date
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity FIVE-YEAR REVIEW
(see glossary)
EPA Fund-Financed SITEWIDE (00) 12/20/2005 04/04/2006
View Documentation [10.47MB]
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION/FEASIBILITY STUDY
(see glossary)
Responsible Party KOPPERS SURFICIAL SOURCE (02) 03/01/1995 04/23/2001
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity FIVE-YEAR REVIEW
(see glossary)
EPA Fund-Financed SITEWIDE (00) 11/16/1999 03/23/2001
View Documentation [2.24MB]
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement CABOT (01) 08/15/1985 12/30/1997
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL ACTION
(see glossary)
Responsible Party CABOT (01) 09/23/1994 05/15/1997
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL ACTION
(see glossary)
Responsible Party CABOT (01) 12/29/1993 05/15/1997
Technologies Used: Access Restriction, Fencing; and Pump And Treat.
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity CONSENT DECREE
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) 09/24/1991 09/20/1996
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity SECTION 107 LITIGATION
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) 09/24/1991 09/20/1996
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity Lodged By DOJ
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 05/20/1996
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL DESIGN
(see glossary)
Responsible Party CABOT (01) 09/27/1991 09/23/1994
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity UNILATERAL ADMIN ORDER
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 05/17/1994
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL DESIGN
(see glossary)
Responsible Party CABOT (01) 09/27/1991 12/29/1993
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL DESIGN
(see glossary)
Responsible Party CABOT (01) 04/12/1991 09/29/1993
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity CONSENT DECREE
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) 03/29/1991 04/17/1992
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity REMOVAL ASSESSMENT
(see glossary)
EPA Fund-Financed SITEWIDE (00) 09/13/1991 09/13/1991
Outcome: Cleaned up
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity Lodged By DOJ
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 09/12/1991
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity REMEDIAL DESIGN/REMEDIAL ACTION NEGOTIATIONS
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) 09/28/1990 03/29/1991
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity UNILATERAL ADMIN ORDER
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 03/22/1991
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity RECORD OF DECISION
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 09/27/1990
Technologies Used: Bioremediation Treatment, Not Specified; Discharge; Disposal; Excavation; Institutional Controls, Not Specified; Liner; Monitoring; Pump And Treat; Soil Washing; and Solidification/ Stabilization.
View Documentation [120KB]
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS
(see glossary)
EPA Fund-Financed CABOT (01) 07/06/1990 09/27/1990
Outcome: Admin Record Compiled for a Remedial Event
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity POTENTIALLY RESPONSIBLE PARTY REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION/FEASIBILITY STUDY
(see glossary)
Responsible Party CABOT (01) 11/17/1987 09/27/1990
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity RISK/HEALTH ASSESSMENT
(see glossary)
Responsible Party CABOT (01) Not Available 02/01/1990
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION/FEASIBILITY STUDY NEGOTIATIONS
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) 02/05/1988 12/01/1988
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER ON CONSENT
(see glossary)
Federal Enforcement SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 10/26/1988
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity COMBINED REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION/FEASIBILITY STUDY
(see glossary)
State, Fund Financed CABOT (01) 01/12/1984 05/31/1987
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity FINAL LISTING ON NATIONAL PRIORITIES LIST
(see glossary)
EPA Fund-Financed SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 09/21/1984
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity PROPOSAL TO NATIONAL PRIORITIES LIST
(see glossary)
EPA Fund-Financed SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 09/08/1983
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT
(see glossary)
EPA Fund-Financed SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 11/01/1982
Outcome: High Priority
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity SITE INSPECTION
(see glossary)
EPA In-House SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 11/01/1982
Outcome: High Priority
Icon representing this Cleanup Activity DISCOVERY
(see glossary)
EPA Fund-Financed SITEWIDE (00) Not Available 11/01/1979

Background

Background

The Koppers site, located on NW 23rd Ave in the City of Gainesville, consists of the western half of a designated Federal Superfund site (known as the Cabot-Koppers Superfund site) due to contamination with wood treating chemicals in site soils and groundwater. The eastern half is the Cabot site which contains groundwater contamination from past pinetar, pine oil and charcoal production. This site is under active remediation. Since 1983, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and subsequently the United States Environmental Protection Agency Region 4 (USEPA) have been responsible for directing investigation activities at the Koppers site that are being performed by Beazer East, Inc., the responsible party for the site contamination.

These investigations have been directed toward developing a final clean-up strategy for the site contamination. In 1990 the USEPA approved a remedial plan for the site which was only partially implemented by Beazer through the installation of a surface water containment and treatment system. Source remediation was not implemented due to the discovery that the extent of contamination in the source areas and the groundwater had not been adequately assessed.

In 2001, USEPA developed an amended remedial plan for the site in a draft Record of Decision (ROD) that assumed that soil contamination at the site would be prevented from leaching into the Floridan Aquifer (a vital groundwater resource located in the limestone formations beneath the site) due to the assumed impenetrable nature of the Hawthorn Group formation located between the soil contamination sources and the deeper Floridan Aquifer underlying the site. However subsequent testing at the site from 2002 – 2005 confirmed that, in fact, 1) significant levels of dissolved contaminants had migrated to the deeper zones of the intermediate Hawthorn Group formation and the Floridan Aquifer.

The Floridan Aquifer, serves as the source of drinking water for over 175,000 people in Alachua County and is the water source for the City of Gainesville Murphree Wellfield located two miles north of the Koppers site.

Source: http://alachua.fl.us/government/depts/epd/pollution/cabotsite.aspx, 09/10/09

History

The Cabot/Koppers superfund site totals 140 acres. The site is geographically divided by Main Street with 90 acres belonging to Koppers in the west and 50 acres belonging to Cabot in the east. Koppers is a wood treating site (still in use) Cabot was a coal prodution site that has since been redeveloped into a shopping mall, car dealership, and other small retail stores. According to the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) the two parties held responsible are Cabot and Beazer East.

The Koppers site (Beazer East is the liable corporation).

  • 90 acres of land
  • 1916 the fisrt year Koppers site operational. The plant was, and still is, used to soak and treat timber used for the production of telephone poles. Since wood products are quickly destroyed in the subtropical climate of North Central Florida the poles were originally soaked in pools containing creosote and other chemicals. The treatments made the wood impervious to attacks by insects that would otherwise destroy the timber. The chemical soaking agents have changed with time adding to the total list of chemicals at the site.
  • 1983 Koppers was listed as a superfund site.
  • 1988 Beazer purchased Koppers. Beazer sold the plant operation but not the site back to Koppers. Therefore Beazer, as the owner, holds the environmental responsibility.
  • 1990 the EPA approved of a clean-up plan for the site which was only partially implemmented by Beazer. The plan was to install a surface water treatement and containment system. The plan was not finished due to inadequate documentation of the status of the pollution.
  • 1991 Cabot Carbon signed a consent to clean up the site and to pay reparations. Koppers refused to sign the agreement and instead signed a UAO Unilateral Administrative Order. A UAO is a document used by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) when companies responsible for pollution do not comply. It is an attempt to force a company to clean up their pollution. Penalties for not complying with a UAO include judicial action and forcing the company to pay three times what it would cost the EPA to clean the site. The UAO document for Koppers was ammended in 1994.
  • 1995 the first testing wells at Koppers are created
  • 2001 assumptions were made that the Hawthorne clay, a local type of clay, would prevent the contamination of the aquifer. It was believed that the contamination would flow horizontally and the clay would act as a barrier to downward migration.
  • Original assumption proved incorrect what date? It has been proven that the clay will not protect the aquifer. Instead the pollution will flow right down through the clay. The Hawthorne clay will act as points of acess. Like fingers flowing directly into the aquifer
  • 2002 EPA requested Beazer to preform additional soil and groundwater investigation.  Soil now known to be contaminated with dioxin and arsenic.
  • The EPA had targeted March 2009 for a final decision on the site. GOAL NOT ACCOMPLISHED! And now a word from the president of Koppers.
  • 2009 May 20th US Senator Bill Nelson D Florida, letter to EPA re. Koppers superfund site.

The Cabot site

cabotmap

  • 49 acres of land mostly redeveloped into a shopping center and car dealership. There are four lagoons full of toxins on the site.
  • 1945 Cabot has produced pine tar and pine oil at site
  • 1949 industrial products isolation in three unlined pits
  • 1967 Cabot sold the site
  • 1970′s Developer breechs contaminated pits and contaminants discharge into the wetlands/creek. Pine tars and oils discharged into wetlands and creeks
  • 1983 site listed as a superfund site
  • 1991 Cabot Carbon signed a consent to clean up the site and to pay reparations. Koppers refused to sign the agreement and instead signed a UAO Unilateral Administrative Order. A UAO is a document used by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) when companies responsible for pollution do not comply. It is an attempt to force a company to clean up their pollution. Penalties for not complying with a UAO include judicial action and forcing the company to pay three times what it would cost the EPA to clean the site. The UAO document for Koppers was ammended in 1994.
  • 1992-1993 a third party risk assesment of the soil for Cabot was done by Weston. The report proved that for the soil in the Northeast pit there is a one in a million chance of inducing cancer in humans through soil contact.
  • 1994 Wells monitored by Weston are checked for contaminants.
Current Issues
  • Official sources say that the discharge of contaminated water flows from both sites flow into the city sewer. Neighborhood monitors say that it flows into Springstead Creek.
  • a shallow groundwater containment system, an interceptor trench, has been installed along N. Main Street. There are questions about the effectiveness of the trench.
  • Soils at Cabot site are non-toxic according to Weston.
  • Soil contamination remains in the NE pit but according to the risk assesment by Weston there was a one in a million chance of contracting cancer from the contaminated soil.
  • Unfortunately Koppers is still in operation and still polluting next to a residential neighborhood. Koppers (Beazer) continues to pollute and threaten Gainesville while Cabot corporate activity is long gone.
  • Cabot still has contaminated water below the surface.
  • Koppers, although they have discussed soil treatement (soil washing), has not initiated any site repair.
  • Cabot Carbon and Beazer know that it is cheaper to clean the site to industrial standards.
  • The surrounding neighborhoods (Stephen Foster) are beter served if the companies will clean the site to residential standards. (a cleaner more expensive standard)
  • Currently there is no progress toward removing polluted material

Source: http://kopperssuperfundsite.com/history.html, October 22, 2009